Tooth Decay Explaind
A cavity is a permanently damaged area in the hard surface of your teeth. They are caused by a combination of factors such as frequent snacking, sipping sugary drinks, and not cleaning your teeth well. Cavities are among the world's most common health problems. Left untreated, they get larger and impact the deeper layers of your teeth which can lead to severe toothaches, infection or tooth loss.
Your mouth is a highly complex ecosystem. Given similar habits, you might wonder why some people get cavities and others don't. Dental health and tooth decay are a result of the delicate balance between pathologic (disease causing) and protective (health promoting) factors. Each person has their own unique balance that is constantly changing.
Modern dentistry can evaluate risks and make recommendations for preventative care. Identifying your unique risk factors can be very helpful for preventing decay.
Acidic beverages or foods increase the growth of aciduric bacteria while also contributing to the erosion of enamel. Certain conditions like bulimia, anorexia, Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease can also create highly acidic conditions in the mouth causing erosive damage. Deep pits and fissures in teeth can harbor an increased amount of bacteria, predisposing you for cavities.